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“RENDERED SUBSTANTIAL SERVICES . . .ATTHE RISQUE OFTHEIR LIVES”

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(AMERICAN INDIANS.) Morris, Robert Hunter.

Passport issued to three

Delaware Indians who had assisted with treaty negotiations.

Manuscript draft

proclamation issued as Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania, apparently in the hand of

secretary Richard Peters (1704-1776). 2 pages, 12

1

/

2

x 8 inches; partial separations at folds.

Philadelphia, 13 August 1756

[500/750]

“Whereas John Pumpshire, Thomas Story and Joseph Michtee [Michty], three Delaware Indians

residing in the province of New Jersey, have been employed to accompany Newcastle, one of the chiefs

of the six united nations of Indians by me in transacting business with ye Indians living on ye River

Susquehannah, whereas they have acquitted themselves with care and fidelity and have thereby

rendered substantial services to his Majesty & the colonies at the risque of their lives, and whereas ye

sd Indians are now returning to their families at Cranberry in ye sd province of New Jersey, & have

requested my passport & recommendations therein, the neighboring provinces to treat them with

kindness as good friends.”These three men had all been at the signing of a treaty in Easton, PA,

along with Captain Newcastle and Conrad Weiser, on 26 July 1756, just three weeks before. See

“Benjamin Franklin, Pennsylvania, and the First Nations:The Treaties of 1736-62,” pages 195-9.

Provenance: Sotheby’s FrankT. Siebert sale, 21 May 1999, lot 157.

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(AMERICAN INDIANS—PRINTS.) Hall, John, engraver; after Benjamin West.

William Penn’s Treaty with the Indians, when he Founded the Province of

Pensylvania.

Engraving, 22 x 27 inches; laid down on linen and matted, faint soiling in

right margin; untrimmed.

London: John Boydell, 1775

[700/1,000]

“One of the best-known prints of a Philadelphia scene”—Snyder, City of Independence, page 252.

Thomas Penn, son of William, commissioned the painting and engraving to help bolster his family’s

reputation.

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