Register of annual payments made to the Cree in
 manuscript pages on printed forms. Oblong folio, 14
inches, original cloth-backed marbled wrappers with manuscript label on front wrapper,
moderate wear; partly disbound, moderate edge wear with slight loss of text, vertical fold
throughout causing some partial separations.
In 1875, the Canadian government negotiated “Treaty No. 5” with several bands of Crees located
northwest of Lake Winnipeg in central Manitoba and Saskatchewan. As part of the treaty, each
member was to receive an annual annuity of $5.The present volume, titled “Indian Pay Sheets,” lists
each household in the Grand Rapids, Chemawawin, Moose Lake,The Pas, and Cumberland bands.
The head of each household is named alphabetically, with a count of men, women, girls, and boys,
amount paid, and a total count for the preceding year. Chiefs and councilors are noted.A long remarks
section explains any change in the household over the past year, sometimes simply “boy born” or “girl
dead,” but sometimes more complex entries such as “daughter Eliza married to Wm, son of David
King of St. Peters.” More than a thousand members are enumerated in the volume.The final page is a
summarized recapitulation of all the bands under Treaty No. 5, including six bands which had been
enumerated in a separate volume (not present).
The end of each section is signed “Certified correct, A. Mackay, Indian Agent,” though this volume is
apparently a manuscript copy not in his hand.Angus McKay (1836-1910) was an interesting fellow, of
partly Cree descent, who in 1871 became the first Canadian of Aboriginal descent to be elected to the
Indian Agent, he often clashed with leadership because of his outspoken advocacy.